If the Philippine government decided to impose an end to the VFA, it would only have to inform the United States in writing of its intention to end the treaty. Metro Manila (CNN Philippines) – The Philippines is currently investigating the consequences of a possible exit from a 1998 agreement with the United States on the treatment of its military personnel, the Visiting Force Agreement. Under Article V of the agreement, the custody of U.S. personnel whose case falls under Philippine jurisdiction must “immediately reside with the U.S. military authorities if they wish” from the time the crime was committed, until all legal proceedings are completed. However, U.S. military authorities make the accused available to the Philippine authorities “in a timely manner for investigations or judicial proceedings related to the offence.” If the VFA ends, what will happen to other military treaties and agreements with the United States? The Agreement on Enhanced Defence Cooperation (EDCA), signed in April 2014 under then-President Benigno Aquino III, aims to operationalize the VFA. Military activities authorized by the Philippines are also insinuated in the context of the VFA. The executive agreement provides for an increased military turnover of U.S. troops, aircraft and ships in the Philippines and allows them greater access to military bases in the country. On February 11, 2020, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte officially announced at the U.S. Embassy in Manila that he was coming to an end to the pact, with the denunciation expected to come into force in 180 days, unless otherwise agreed during that period.
In the past, Duterte has shown admiration for both Russian forces and the People`s Liberation Army of China, although the Philippines and China are involved in a dispute in the South China Sea over sovereignty over the Spratly Islands.  In June 2020, the Philippine government reversed this decision and announced that it was maintaining the agreement.  A Visiting Agreement (VFA) is an agreement between a country and a foreign nation visiting military forces in that country. The agreements on visiting forces are similar in the intention of obtaining the agreements on the armed forces (SOFA). A VFA usually covers forces that are temporarily visiting, while a CANAPÉ usually covers forces in the host country as well as visiting missions. The United States has used the agreement at least twice to keep the accused military under U.S. jurisdiction.  On January 18, 2006, the U.S. Military retained custody of four soldiers accused of rape while they were visiting Subic Bay during their trial in a Philippine court.  They were detained by U.S.
officials at the U.S. Embassy in Manila.